Communicating Science: The Scientific Article from the 17th Century to the Present
This book describes the development of the scientific article from its modest beginnings to the global phenomenon that it has become today. Their analysis of a large sample of texts in French, English, and German focuses on the changes in the style, organization, and argumentative structure of scientific communication over time. They also speculate on the future currency of the scientific article, as it enters the era of the World Wide Web. This book is an outstanding resource text in the rhetoric of science, and will stand as the definitive study on the topic.
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1 Communicative and Argumentative Development Illustrated
2 Style and Presentation in the 17th Century
3 Argument in the 17th Century
4 Style and Presentation in the 18th Century
5 Argument in the 18th Century
6 Style and Presentation in the 19th Century
7 Argument in the 19th Century
8 Style and Presentation in the 20th Century
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17th-century scientific 20th-century sample abstract Academy acid amino acid appear argumentative practices article’s astronomical authors average Bazerman chapter chemical chemistry citations clausal density communicative and argumentative complex noun phrases Concerning conclusions Denis de Sallo dummy subjects English sample entific equations evidence evolution evolutionary example experimental results experiments facts figure fractal dimension French passage French sample geological German glish Goodman and Rich graphs hedges Henry Oldenburg illustrate increase introduction Journal Journal des Sçavans Klaproth language line graph Lister mathematical means measurements method modern scientific multiple modifiers narrative natural world niche Nonsubject norms noun phrases objects observations passage passive physics presentational features professional pronouns readers rhetorical Royal Society scientific argument scientific article scientific communication scientific prose scientists selection sentence length specific sRNA Stephen Toulmin stylistic Swales’s theoretical theory tion trends typical verbs visual whole articles words