Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology
University of Chicago Press, 15. júl. 2008 - 876 síđur
For millennia humans have studied the skies to help them grow crops, navigate the seas, and earn favor from their gods. We still look to the stars today for answers to fundamental questions: How did the universe begin? Will it end, and if so, how? What is our place within it? John North has been examining such questions for decades. In Cosmos, he offers a sweeping historical survey of the two sciences that help define our place in the universe: astronomy and cosmology.
Organizing his history chronologically, North begins by examining Paleolithic cave drawings that clearly chart the phases of the moon. He then investigates scientific practices in the early civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, and the Americas (among others), whose inhabitants developed sophisticated methods to record the movements of the planets and stars. Trade routes and religious movements, North notes, brought these ancient styles of scientific thinking to the attention of later astronomers, whose own theories—such as Copernicus’ planetary theory—led to the Scientific Revolution.
The work of master astronomers, including Ptolemy, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton, is described in detail, as are modern-day developments in astrophysics, such as the advent of radio astronomy, the brilliant innovations of Einstein, and the many recent discoveries brought about with the help of the Hubble telescope. This new edition brings North’s seminal book right up to the present day, as North takes a closer look at last year’s reclassification of Pluto as a “dwarf” planet and gives a thorough overview of current research.
With more than two hundred illustrations and a comprehensive bibliography, Cosmos is the definitive history of astronomy and cosmology. It is sure to find an eager audience among historians of science and astronomers alike.
1 Prehistoric Astronomy
2 Ancient Egypt
4 The Greek and Roman Worlds
5 China and Japan
6 PreColumbian America
7 Indian and Persian Astronomy
12 The New Empiricism
13 The Rise of Physical Astronomy
14 New Astronomical Problems
15 Precision and the New Astrophysics
16 Galaxies Stars and Atoms
17 The Renewal of Cosmology
18 Radio Astronomy
19 Observatories in Space
8 Eastern Islam
9 Western Islam and Christian Spain
10 Medieval and Early Renaissance Europe
11 Copernicus Planetary Theory
20 Macrocosm and Microcosm
Ađrar útgáfur - View all
Alfonsine Tables Almagest angle Arabic astrolabe astrology astronomical atomic Babylonian became black hole bright calculation calendar Cambridge celestial century circle clusters comet cometary constellation Copernican Copernicus cosmic cosmology dark matter discovery distance earlier early Earth eclipse ecliptic Eddington energy epicycle example explained fact figure galaxies Galileo geometrical gravitational Greek H-R diagram Herschel Hipparchus Hubble hydrogen idea important instruments Islamic Kepler kilometers known later light lines longitude lunar magnetic main sequence mass mathematical matter measure Moon Moon's motion moving nebulae neutron stars Newton observations Observatory orbit parallax particles period photographic physical planetary planets position problem Ptolemy Ptolemy's published radiation radio Regiomontanus relative rotation satellites Saturn scholars seems seen solar system space spectra sphere stars stellar stellar evolution Sun's sunspots supernova tables telescope temperature theory tion Tycho universe velocity Venus