Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology

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University of Chicago Press, 15. júl. 2008 - 876 síđur
For millennia humans have studied the skies to help them grow crops, navigate the seas, and earn favor from their gods. We still look to the stars today for answers to fundamental questions: How did the universe begin? Will it end, and if so, how? What is our place within it? John North has been examining such questions for decades. In Cosmos, he offers a sweeping historical survey of the two sciences that help define our place in the universe: astronomy and cosmology.
Organizing his history chronologically, North begins by examining Paleolithic cave drawings that clearly chart the phases of the moon. He then investigates scientific practices in the early civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, and the Americas (among others), whose inhabitants developed sophisticated methods to record the movements of the planets and stars. Trade routes and religious movements, North notes, brought these ancient styles of scientific thinking to the attention of later astronomers, whose own theories—such as Copernicus’ planetary theory—led to the Scientific Revolution.
The work of master astronomers, including Ptolemy, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton, is described in detail, as are modern-day developments in astrophysics, such as the advent of radio astronomy, the brilliant innovations of Einstein, and the many recent discoveries brought about with the help of the Hubble telescope. This new edition brings North’s seminal book right up to the present day, as North takes a closer look at last year’s reclassification of Pluto as a “dwarf” planet and gives a thorough overview of current research.
With more than two hundred illustrations and a comprehensive bibliography, Cosmos is the definitive history of astronomy and cosmology. It is sure to find an eager audience among historians of science and astronomers alike.
 

Efni

Introduction
1
1 Prehistoric Astronomy
4
2 Ancient Egypt
21
3 Mesopotamia
36
4 The Greek and Roman Worlds
67
5 China and Japan
134
6 PreColumbian America
161
7 Indian and Persian Astronomy
171
12 The New Empiricism
321
13 The Rise of Physical Astronomy
399
14 New Astronomical Problems
418
15 Precision and the New Astrophysics
460
16 Galaxies Stars and Atoms
539
17 The Renewal of Cosmology
625
18 Radio Astronomy
659
19 Observatories in Space
685

8 Eastern Islam
189
9 Western Islam and Christian Spain
215
10 Medieval and Early Renaissance Europe
232
11 Copernicus Planetary Theory
302
20 Macrocosm and Microcosm
739
Bibliographical Survey
785
Index
815

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Um höfundinn (2008)

John North (1934-2008) was professor emeritus at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. He was the author of many books, including The Measure of the Universe: A History of Modern Cosmology, The Ambassadors’ Secret: Holbein and the World of the Renaissance, and, most recently, God’s Clockmaker: Richard Wallingford and the Invention of Time.

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