Archives of the Universe: 100 Discoveries That Transformed Our Understanding of the Cosmos

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Marcia Bartusiak
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 19. maí 2010 - 720 síđur
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An unparalleled history of astronomy presented in the words of the scientists who made the discoveries. Here are the writings of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, Halley, Hubble, and Einstein, as well as that of dozens of others who have significantly contributed to our picture of the universe.

From Aristotle's proof that the Earth is round to the 1998 paper that posited an accelerating universe, this book contains 100 entries spanning the history of astronomy. Award-winning science writer Marcia Bartusiak provides enormously entertaining introductions, putting the material in context and explaining its place in the literature. Archives of the Universe is essential reading for professional astronomers, science history buffs, and backyard stargazers alike.
 

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Efni

Mayan Venus Tables
7
Celestial Surveying
18
Measuring the Earths Circumference
25
Ptolemys Almagest
33
The Cosmic SlJlIlllll Cantllcs 49 Suns Place in the lill_
49
Copernicus and the SunCentered Universe
53
Tycho Brahe and the Changing Heavens
69
Galileo Initiates the Telescopic
76
A Stars Life Cycle
377
Dark Nebulae and Interstellar Matter
398
Discovery of Other Galaxies
413
Expansion of the Universe
415
Stellar Populations and Resizing the Universe
425
Mapping the Milky Ways Spiral Arms
437
Source and Composition of Comets
440
NEW EYES NEW UNIVERSE
449

Newtons Universal Law of Gravity
97
Halleys Comet
107
The Speed of Light
116
Discovery of Uranus
128
Stars Moving and Changing
134
The First Asteroid
149
Toucnmc THE HEAVENS
190
Spectral Lines
203
Deciphering the Solar Spectrum
211
Gaseous Nebulae
218
Doppler Shifts and Spectroscopic Binaries
226
l
231
Classification of the Stars
233
Giant Stars and Dwarf Stars
241
The Prime Element
250
Stellar Mass Luminosity and Stability
259
Origin of Meteors and Shooting Stars
272
Cosmic Rays
279
Discovery of Pluto
285
Special Relativity and E l11Z
302
Relativistic Models of the Universe
313
Big Bang Versus Steady State
320
White Dwarf Stars
327
Beyond the White Dwarf
334
Supcrnovae and Ieutron Stars
344
Creating Elements in the Big Bang
358
Cosmic Microwave Background Predicted
365
Radio Astronomy
463
Interstellar Hydrogen
465
Molecules in Space
471
Va 11 Allen Radiation Belts
476
Geology of Mars
484
Extrasolar XRay Sources
495
Quasars
503
6 Evidence for the Big Bang
508
Pulsars
513
The Infrared Sky and the Galactic Center
522
Neutrino Astronomy
529
67
540
Binary Pulsar and Gravity Waves
546
76
553
Dark Matter
559
Gravitational Lensing
568
90
570
Inflation
576
The Bubbly Universe
583
Galaxy Evolution and the Hubble Deep Field
591
Extrasolar Planets
600
Notes
624
Bibliography
643
_J _
651
Acknowledgments
657
N to re N no rs I4 re re J to
665
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Marcia Bartusiak is the author of Thursday’s Universe, Through a Universe Darkly, and Einstein’s Unfinished Symphony. Her work has appeared in many magazines, including Astronomy, National Geographic, Discover, Science, and Smithsonian. A two-time winner of the American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award, she teaches in the graduate program in science writing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and lives in Sudbury, Massachusetts, with her husband.

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