The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts
Cambridge University Press, 28. okt. 1996 - 247 síđur
Contrary to prevailing opinion, the roots of modern science were planted in the ancient and medieval worlds long before the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. Indeed, that revolution would have been inconceivable without the cumulative antecedent efforts of three great civilizations: Greek, Islamic, and Latin. With the scientific riches it derived by translation from Greco-Islamic sources in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Christian Latin civilization of Western Europe began the last leg of the intellectual journey that culminated in a scientific revolution that transformed the world. The factors that produced this unique achievement are found in the way Christianity developed in the West, and in the invention of the university in 1200. A reference for historians of science or those interested in medieval history, this volume illustrates the developments and discoveries that culminated in the Scientific Revolution.
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The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious ...
Takmarkađ sýnishorn - 1996
al-Ghazali Arabic arguments Aristotelian natural philosophy Aristotle Aristotle's natural philosophy arithmetic arts masters assumed astronomy authors Averroes Avicenna Blasius of Parma Boethius Byzantine Byzantine Empire cause celestial bodies celestial region chapter Christian Church commentaries concept Condemnation of 1277 cosmology curriculum earth elements eternity exact sciences existence faith fourteenth century Galileo Greco-Arabic Greek science heavens ideas impetus impressed force intellectual Islam John Buridan late Middle Ages Latin learning logic losophy mathematics medicine medieval natural philosophers medieval science medieval university modern science move natural motion natural phi natural philosophy natural place Nicole Oresme Oresme pagan Paris physical planets possible principles problems questions resistance role rotation scholars science and natural Scientific Revolution seven liberal arts seventeenth century significant sixteenth speed sphere terrestrial region texts theologians theology things thirteenth century tion tradition translated treatises twelfth century University of Paris University Press vacuum velocity violent motion West Western Europe
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