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" ... a layer of particles, revolving each on its own axis in the opposite direction to that of the vortices, so that the contiguous surfaces of the particles and of the vortices have the same motion. In mechanism, when two wheels are intended to revolve... "
The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science - Síđa 281
1861
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The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science

1861 - 612 síđur
...the vortices being separated by a layer of particles, revolving each on its own axis in the opposite direction to that of the vortices, so that the contiguous...wheel is generally made to rotate about a fixed axle j but in epicyclic trains and other contrivances, as, for instance, in Siemens's governor for steam-engines*,...
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The Edge of Objectivity: An Essay in the History of Scientific Ideas

Charles Coulston Gillispie - 1960 - 596 síđur
...Maxwell turned to the real engineers in his extremity, and imported into the aether the device of the "idle" wheel: "The hypothesis about the vortices which...vortices revolve in the same direction with itself." But Maxwell needed play in his medium and could not do with fixed axles for his aetherial idle wheels;...
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Innovation in Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory: Molecular Vortices ...

Daniel M. Siegel - 2003 - 244 síđur
...that this kind of problem had been encountered, and solved, by the designers of mechanical devices: In mechanism, when two wheels are intended to revolve...vortices revolve in the same direction with itself. (Maxwell's pictorial rendering of the system of vortices and idle-wheel particles - as in Figure 2.2...
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Maxwell on the Electromagnetic Field: A Guided Study

Thomas K. Simpson - 1997 - 468 síđur
...are intended to revolve in the same direction, a wheel is placed between them so as to be in gear 460 with both, and this wheel is called an "idle wheel."...vortices revolve in the same direction with itself. 465 In mechanism, the idle wheel is generally made to rotate about a fixed axle; but in epicyclic trains...
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The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell

Peter Michael Harman - 2001 - 264 síđur
...wheel' is placed between two wheels that are intended to revolve in the same direction, he suggests that a layer of particles, acting as idle wheels,...vortices revolve in the same direction with itself. (SP, 1: 467-8) The figure he uses to provide a physical representation of this model of rotating vortices...
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The Science of Energy: A Cultural History of Energy Physics in Victorian Britain

Crosbie Smith - 1998 - 424 síđur
...represent electric current (Maxwell 1861-2). Maxwell placed small spherical particles between the vortices: 'a layer of particles, acting as idle wheels, is interposed...each vortex has a tendency to make the neighbouring vortex revolve in the same direction with itself (Figure 11. 1).6' The movement or transference of...
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Inconsistency in Science

Joke Meheus - 2002 - 248 síđur
...introduction of "idle wheels". On this basis he proposed to enhance his imaginary model by supposing that "a layer of particles, acting as idle wheels is interposed between each vortex and the next" (p. 468). He stipulated that the particles would revolve in place without slipping or touching in direction...
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