The Analysis of Starlight: Two Centuries of Astronomical Spectroscopy
Cambridge University Press, 17. mar. 2014 - 367 síđur
First published in 1986, this is the story of the analysis of starlight by astronomical spectroscopy. Beginning with Joseph Fraunhofer's discovery of spectral lines in the early nineteenth century, this new edition continues the story through to the year 2000. In addition to the key discoveries, it presents the cultural and social history of stellar astrophysics by introducing the leading astronomers and their struggles, triumphs and disagreements. Basic concepts in spectroscopy and spectral analysis are included, so both observational and theoretical aspects are described, in a non-mathematical framework. This new edition covers the final decades of the twentieth century, with its major advances in stellar astrophysics: the discovery of extrasolar planets, new classes of stars and the observation of the ultraviolet spectra of stars from satellites. The in-depth coverage of the subject makes it essential reading for graduate students working in stellar spectroscopy, as well as a major reference for professional and amateur astronomers and historians of science.
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Ĺ/mm absorption lines abundance Adams analysis Annie Cannon Astron astronomer Astrophys Astrophys.J Astrophysical atoms Balmer lines bands binary bright carbon stars colour coudé curve of growth Cygni discovery Doppler elements emission lines equivalent widths Fraunhofer galactic giants Greenstein Harvard Coll helium Henry Draper Henry Draper Catalogue Herbig Huggins hydrogen lines ibid intensity interstellar ionized Keenan km/s Lick lithium Lockyer luminosity magnitude main sequence measured Merrill metallic Minnaert Morgan Mt Wilson Nachrichten nebulae novae objective prism Observ Observatory ofthe opacity Pacific paper peculiar photographic Pickering plates Potsdam programme Publ radial velocities refractor Rendus de l’Acad rotation Schwarzschild Secchi sequence showed solar spectrum spec spectral classification spectral type spectrograph spectroscopic stellar spectra stellar spectroscopy Struve supergiants supernovae Suppl Tauri stars telescope temperature tion ultraviolet Unsöld variable Vogel wavelength white dwarf Wolf–Rayet Yerkes