Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... worship seems to work and excise all evidence to the contrary.8 In this book I seek to tell the story of Greek atheism over a thousandyear period, against the backdrop of huge historical changes: the emergence of Greece from its ˇdark ...
... worship of many godsxwas fundamentally different in kind from the modern monotheisms (Islam, Judaism, Christianity). There was no desire or attempt to impose theological orthodoxy. The idea of a common place of pilgrimage like Jerusalem ...
... worship was common to the Greeks, were regionalized by the addition of a surname. Apollo, for example, was called ˇPythian˘ at Delphi, ˇSminthian˘ at Hamaxitus, ˇCynthian˘ on Delos, and ˇAcraephian˘ in Acraephius. ˇHow shall I sing of ...
... worshipped, as Artemis Laphria, with a huge fire onto which were thrown wild animals of all kinds, including the cubs of bears and wolves. She is the same deity in all cases but also fully individualized to match the local culture and ...
... worship of the living emperor, whom they competed with one another to praise. Conversely, however, there were all sorts of counterassertions of traditional identity: long-dead cults were revived, antique dialects were reinvented ...
Plato and the Atheists
Gods and Kings
With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial