Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... poems of Homer and Hesiod were composed in Ionic, which may be expected to have given a certain prestige to that particular dialect, but in fact epic language was so different from anything actually spoken that the effects were minimal ...
... poems, composed at some point in the eighth or seventh centuries BC at the dawn of Greek literacy, and the bedrock of their culture. It was unimaginable that a Greek would not know the epic tales of Troy: how the Trojan prince Paris ran ...
... poems themselves are free of gods. Hesiod}s Theogony takes as its theme the arrival of the Olympian order, headed by Zeus ... poem opens with a description of the carnage caused by the warxbodies strewn around to be consumed by dogs and ...
... poems were comparable to the Hebrew Bible in terms of their cultural significances but very different in their ... poem like the Iliad or the Odyssey receive individual characterization too. But the central point is that we should ...
... poems played in society. The Iliad and the Odyssey are about what it is to be a human, not a god. The Iliad focuses on ... poem}s major crisis. It is only the death of his close friend Patroclus at the hands of Trojan Hector that prompts ...
Plato and the Atheists
Gods and Kings
With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial