Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... ideas in it are to be found in ancient Greek sources. If the terms of the debate seem arrestingly modern, that is no coincidence. We are still, in the twenty-first century, grappling with issues that are at least two and a half ...
... idea that supernatural belief is fundamental to humanity. They follow Karen Armstrong in redefining Homo sapiens as Homo religiosus. Such views have their modern roots in the ideas of European theorists of natural religion like Joseph ...
... idea of a single, unified faith community is a mirage: there was ˇa spectrum of faith, belief and unbelief.˘ If we shift our attention away from ecclesiastical texts, which are specifically designed to perpetuate the idea of doctrinal ...
... idea that miraculous stories of divine salvation are open to suspicion. Miracles, by their very definition, test the limits of plausibility. Greeks could see that just as well as Evans-Pritchard}s Azande. There is a comparable story ...
... ideas about the nature of the gods, even to the point of dismissing them altogether. PreChristian atheism was certainly not uncontroversial, and there were periods of severe repression. But as a rule, polytheismxthe belief in many ...
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