Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... gods is the default setting for human beingsxis everywhere in the modern world. There is a growing trend toward speaking of religion as ˇingrained,˘ or even ˇhardwired˘ into the human subject. So-called neurotheologists have even sought ...
... god were complex and long-lived and are not fully understood. I am persuaded by those who see monotheism in the biblical form that we know it today as shaped by the returning Israelite exiles in the Second Temple period (in the ...
... gods. Normative sources will only ever paint a normative picture of a society. Imagine a history of twenty-firstcentury British politics that relied solely on the parliamentary records in Hansard: it would tell you much about the ...
... gods such as nymphs of the woods and springs, and the half-goat Pan; there were local deities like the Muses ... gods were the same but different throughout the Greekspeaking world. Take Artemis, for example, who at Brauron near Athens ...
... gods happy. But there were close limits to the power of human clerics. The job of priests was to sacrifice, not to pronounce on ethical or spiritual issues. The idea of a Greek priest or priestess using his or her influence to sway ...
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