Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... example, could be mined in Spain, worked in Greece, then sold in the Levant.5 Archaic Greece was formed by interaction with its eastern and southern neighbors. It was the Phoenicians who inspired the Greek adoption of the script still ...
... example of Greece}s highly regionalized nature: there was a high level of dialectical variation in the archaic period, with no one form achieving dominance. On Lesbos, in northwest Anatolia, and in the northeastern region of the ...
... example, was called ˇPythian˘ at Delphi, ˇSminthian˘ at Hamaxitus, ˇCynthian˘ on Delos, and ˇAcraephian˘ in Acraephius. ˇHow shall I sing of you,˘ runs one hymn to that god, ˇyou who are sung of in so many ways?˘ Sometimes these names ...
... example) the definition of marriage or the treatment of the poor was unthinkable. Priesthood was a role within the community, not a spiritual calling. There was no formal religious training, there were no convents or seminaries. Some ...
... example, the treasury of Athena located within the Parthenon was deemed ˇsacred,˘ but its resources were on occasion used to equip the military). And equally obviously we should not assume that their sacred-secular distinction maps ...
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With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial