Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... emperor Augustus. Until that point, the idea of Greece as a totality was a hazy, imaginary ideal rather than any kind of political reality. In the Histories of Herodotus, the fifth-century historian, the Athenians are said to have ...
... emperor); and an almost limitless assortment of minor beings whose roles were limited to specific ritual functions (like Aglaurus, by whom young men in the territory of Athens swore their oaths). The crucial point, however, is that in ...
... emperor, whom they competed with one another to praise. Conversely, however, there were all sorts of counterassertions of traditional identity: long-dead cults were revived, antique dialects were reinvented, classical names came back ...
... emperor Justinian passed a law in AD 530 requiring the presence of ˇholy scriptures˘ in court throughout proceedings; in the United Kingdom, as recently as 2013 the Magistrates} Association reaffirmed the need for witnesses to swear on ...
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Plato and the Atheists
Gods and Kings
With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial