Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... deity, a water supply, and areas of shared space devoted to different kinds of communal activity (commercial, religious, political, juridical, recreational). In the course of the archaic period, the larger polis would come to be adorned ...
... deities like the Muses; primeval forces like Earth and Hestia (ˇHearth˘); imported divinities like Thracian Bendis and Egyptian Isis; abstractions like Peitho (ˇPersuasion˘) and Nike (ˇVictory˘); heroes, deified humans, like Ajax and ...
... deity with a profusion of what have been variously interpreted as breasts, eggs, or even bull}s testicles; and who at Patrae was worshipped, as Artemis Laphria, with a huge fire onto which were thrown wild animals of all kinds ...
... deities themselves were different in kind to their monotheistic cousins. The defining feature of the god of the modern ... deity be of this world? In the fifth century AD, the Christian Church found itself locked in a battle between ...
... deity? Where is the grace? Where is the idea of a spirit that survives after death? To understand Greek religion one needs to cast off such assumptions and see it on its own terms, as an articulation of local identity within the ...
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