Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... argued that the human propensity toward religion emerged as an evolutionary advantage. These are controversial claims, and fortunately it is not our job to evaluate them here. The crucial point is that they can all be taken to buttress ...
... arguing that the idea of a single, unified faith community is a mirage: there was ˇa spectrum of faith, belief and unbelief.˘ If we shift our attention away from ecclesiastical texts, which are specifically designed to perpetuate the ...
... argued endlessly over the interpretation of specific passages of their scriptures, but their texts themselves are imagined as nonnegotiable contracts with the divine, inspired or authored as they are by God himself. Even as a physical ...
... argued that Zeus}s plan was to take revenge upon the Trojans for the kidnapping of Helen (but why then so much suffering on both sides?). There are other theories, but they all suffer from the same flaw: they assume that Zeus is, like ...
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Plato and the Atheists
Gods and Kings
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Atheism on Trial