Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... s wonderful self-consciousnessxa miracle inscription about someone who didn}t believe in miracle inscriptionsxit ... Roman Empire; and, finally, the arrival of Christianity. The Christianization of the classical world did not happen ...
... Roman emperor); and an almost limitless assortment of minor beings whose roles were limited to specific ritual ... s Lyceum, and hence to French lycées and Italian licei. Each of these manifestations of the god was different in the ...
... Rome became the undisputed controller of the Mediterranean. In 27 BC Greece became a single province, known by the ... s rulers began to adopt it as the official cult of the empire in the fourth century AD, their aim was not just to ...
... Roman Empire. Monotheism and polytheism are different in kind. Neither, for sure, exists in any pure form. In Christianity ... s will to his chosen people. According to Assmann, the ancient polytheist view was that gods are transferable ...
... Roman emperor Justinian passed a law in AD 530 requiring the presence of ˇholy scriptures˘ in court throughout ... s Iliad and Odyssey, and Hesiod}s Theogony. These were their earliest poems, composed at some point in the eighth or ...
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Gods and Kings
With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial