Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 10. nóv. 2015 - 304 síđur
How new is atheism? Although adherents and opponents alike today present it as an invention of the European Enlightenment, when the forces of science and secularism broadly challenged those of faith, disbelief in the gods, in fact, originated in a far more remote past. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh journeys into the ancient Mediterranean, a world almost unimaginably different from our own, to recover the stories and voices of those who first refused the divinities.
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... Homer. Indeed, if Homer}s legend of the expedition to Troy has any historical basis, it would have occurred around this time. The Mycenaeans may also have been the ˇsea peoples˘ named in Egyptian inscriptions of the reign of Rameses III ...
... Homer and Hesiod. Delphi and Olympia began to achieve their central, Panhellenic status from the eighth century onward. It was at this time, too, that the mythological epics were being forged, the Iliad and the Odyssey. These project an ...
... Homer}s Iliad and Odyssey, and Hesiod}s Theogony. These were their earliest poems, composed at some point in the eighth or seventh centuries BC at the dawn of Greek literacy, and the bedrock of their culture. It was unimaginable that a ...
... Homer and Hesiod were the first to compose accounts of the origins of the gods, and give the gods their epithets, to allot them their several offices and occupations, and describe their forms.˘ These texts were seen to be foundational ...
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Plato and the Atheists
Gods and Kings
With Gods on Our Side
Atheism on Trial