Archives of the Universe: 100 Discoveries That Transformed Our Understanding of the Cosmos

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Marcia Bartusiak
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 11. apr. 2006 - 720 síður
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An unparalleled history of astronomy presented in the words of the scientists who made the discoveries. Here are the writings of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, Halley, Hubble, and Einstein, as well as that of dozens of others who have significantly contributed to our picture of the universe.

From Aristotle's proof that the Earth is round to the 1998 paper that posited an accelerating universe, this book contains 100 entries spanning the history of astronomy. Award-winning science writer Marcia Bartusiak provides enormously entertaining introductions, putting the material in context and explaining its place in the literature. Archives of the Universe is essential reading for professional astronomers, science history buffs, and backyard stargazers alike.
 

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Efni

Mayan Venus Tables
7
Celestial Surveying
18
49
22
Measuring the Earths Circumference
24
50
28
Ptolemys Almagest
32
Copernicus and the SunCentered Universe
51
1 Galileo Initiates the Telescopic Era
76
THE MILKY WAY AND BEYOND
381
The Cosmic Standard Candles
385
Suns Place in the Milky
390
Dark Nebulae and Interstellar Matter
398
Discovery of Other Galaxies
407
Expansion of the Universe
415
Stellar Populations and Resizing the Universe
425
Mapping the Milky Ways Spiral Arms
433

Newtons Universal Law of Gravity
90
Halleys Comet
99
56
105
3 Binary Stars
106
57
107
The Speed of Light
117
Discovery of Uranus 28
128
Stars Moving and Changing 34
134
38
138
44
144
The First Asteroid
147
Distance to a Star
153
58
158
61
159
63
163
65
165
66
166
67
167
Spectral Lines
203
Deciphering the Solar Spectrum
211
Gaseous Nebulae
218
Doppler Shifts and Spectroscopic Binaries
226
68
231
Classification of the Stars
233
Giant Stars and Dwarf Stars
241
Hydrogen The Prime Element
250
Stellar Mass Luminosity and Stability
257
Origin of Meteors and Shooting Stars
273
Cosmic Rays
279
Discovery of Pluto
285
Special Relativity and Emcº
297
Relativistic Models of the Universe
313
Big Bang Versus Steady State
320
White Dwarf Stars
327
Beyond the White Dwarf
334
Black Holes
344
Creating Elements in the Big Bang
358
Creating Elements in the Stars
366
A Stars Life Cycle
377
Source and Composition of Comets
440
NEw EYES NEw UNIVERSE
449
Radio Astronomy
455
Interstellar Hydrogen
465
Molecules in Space
471
Van Allen Radiation Belts
476
Geology of Mars
484
Extrasolar XRay Sources
495
Quasars
503
Evidence for the Big Bang
508
Pulsars
513
The Infrared Sky and the Galactic Center
522
Neutrino Astronomy
529
GammaRay Bursts
540
Binary Pulsar and Gravity Waves
546
AcceleRATING OUT WARD
555
Dark Matter
559
Gravitational Lensing
568
Inflation
576
The Bubbly Universe
583
Galaxy Evolution and the Hubble Deep Field
591
Extrasolar Planets
598
Notes
625
5
632
Bibliography
643
Acknowledgments
657
390
662
398
663
425
667
4
670
508
672
529
674
540
675
70
679
71
681
568
683
576
684
583
685
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Um höfundinn (2006)

Marcia Bartusiak is the author of Thursday’s Universe, Through a Universe Darkly, and Einstein’s Unfinished Symphony. Her work has appeared in many magazines, including Astronomy, National Geographic, Discover, Science, and Smithsonian. A two-time winner of the American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award, she teaches in the graduate program in science writing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and lives in Sudbury, Massachusetts, with her husband.

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