A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century
Cambridge University Press, 29. jan. 2007 - 361 síđur
Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the Scientific Revolution possible. The title of Isaac Newton's great work, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, perfectly reflects the new relationship. Natural philosophy became the 'Great Mother of the Sciences', which by the nineteenth century had nourished the manifold chemical, physical, and biological sciences to maturity, thus enabling them to leave the 'Great Mother' and emerge as the multiplicity of independent sciences we know today.
Ađrar útgáfur - View all
A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth ...
Takmarkađ sýnishorn - 2007
Albert Animals appears Arabic argued arguments Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s arts assumed astronomy Bacon beginning believed bodies Buridan called Cambridge cause celestial century chapter Christian cited commentaries concerned conclusion considered created described discussion early earth edition elements example existence experience explains faith fire four Grant Greek heaven History ibid ideas important included interpretation Islamic John kind knowledge known largely late Latin learning logic magic major mathematics matter means medicine medieval medieval natural mentioned metaphysics Middle Ages mobile motion moved namely natural philosophy Newton observation occurred opinions Oresme Physics possible present problems produced questions ratios reason regarded religion rest role scholars scholastic scientific sense significant space term theologians theology theory things Thomas thought titled tradition translation treatises understand University University Press vacuum void wrote