Harvard University Press, 1993 - 353 síđur
Within the space of three centuries leading up to the great Persian invasion of 480 BC, Greece was transformed from a simple peasant society into a sophisticated civilization that dominated the shores of the Mediterranean from Spain to Syria and from the Crimea to Egypt--a culture whose achievements in the fields of art, science, philosophy, and politics were to establish the canons of the the Western world.
Oswyn Murray places this remarkable development in the context of Mediterranean civilization. He shows how contact with the East catalyzed the transformation of art and religion, analyzes the invention of the alphabet and the conceptual changes it brought, describes the expansions of Greece in trade and colonization, and investigates the relationship between military technology and political progress in the overthrow of aristocratic governments.
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... reasons of supply and communication colonies tended to cluster along trade routes . But trade affected the colonies in more than mere position . The chief colonizing cities , Chalcis , Eretria , Corinth , Megara , Miletus , Phocaea ...
... reasons are obvious : Thucydides emphasizes the position of Corinth both for north - south land trade and for east - west sea trade ( 1.13 ) . The trade - routes in western metals and eastern luxury goods , pioneered by Euboeans ...
... reasons it is hardly probable that the political leadership in 487 was anxious to activate this previously untried mechanism : the impetus may well have come from the people , newly confident after victory and anxious for revenge ...
Preface to First Edition 1980 I 1
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Experiencing the Past: On the Character of Archaeology
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