Harvard University Press, 1993 - 353 síđur
Within the space of three centuries leading up to the great Persian invasion of 480 BC, Greece was transformed from a simple peasant society into a sophisticated civilization that dominated the shores of the Mediterranean from Spain to Syria and from the Crimea to Egypt--a culture whose achievements in the fields of art, science, philosophy, and politics were to establish the canons of the the Western world.
Oswyn Murray places this remarkable development in the context of Mediterranean civilization. He shows how contact with the East catalyzed the transformation of art and religion, analyzes the invention of the alphabet and the conceptual changes it brought, describes the expansions of Greece in trade and colonization, and investigates the relationship between military technology and political progress in the overthrow of aristocratic governments.
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... hoplite spear . Early representations of hoplite arms often show two spears of the same or different sizes . Light spearheads have been found in late Geometric tombs , but so have heavy spearheads , in pairs or even threes . The Chigi ...
... hoplite tactics : by about 700 some form of close fighting must have become common ; or to put the other side , it is impossible that hoplite tactics could have developed fully before these two innovations , which alone gave adequate ...
... hoplite tactics which has survived . The main panel shows two hoplite armies marching in ranks against each other , while two soldiers are still arming on the far left . The left - hand army is kept in step by a flute - player , a ...
Preface to First Edition 1980 I 1
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Experiencing the Past: On the Character of Archaeology
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