Harvard University Press, 1993 - 353 síđur
Within the space of three centuries leading up to the great Persian invasion of 480 BC, Greece was transformed from a simple peasant society into a sophisticated civilization that dominated the shores of the Mediterranean from Spain to Syria and from the Crimea to Egypt--a culture whose achievements in the fields of art, science, philosophy, and politics were to establish the canons of the the Western world.
Oswyn Murray places this remarkable development in the context of Mediterranean civilization. He shows how contact with the East catalyzed the transformation of art and religion, analyzes the invention of the alphabet and the conceptual changes it brought, describes the expansions of Greece in trade and colonization, and investigates the relationship between military technology and political progress in the overthrow of aristocratic governments.
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... fighting age ; from the early seventh century the new heavier armour and massed infantry tactics ( ch . 8 ) will have made such trained bands effective against far larger numbers . The poetry of Archilochos brings out the military ...
... fighting , but others will not . The shield was held more firmly and closer to the body , in a grip more adapted to pushing than protecting ; for it could be moved around less easily than older types of shield and deflect weapons less ...
... fighting for family , the notion that death will come when it will and that brave men are honoured for their actions in life and death , are all found in Homer . But it is the combination of these different ideas in a short passage ...
Preface to First Edition 1980 I 1
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