Harvard University Press, 1993 - 353 síđur
Within the space of three centuries leading up to the great Persian invasion of 480 BC, Greece was transformed from a simple peasant society into a sophisticated civilization that dominated the shores of the Mediterranean from Spain to Syria and from the Crimea to Egypt--a culture whose achievements in the fields of art, science, philosophy, and politics were to establish the canons of the the Western world.
Oswyn Murray places this remarkable development in the context of Mediterranean civilization. He shows how contact with the East catalyzed the transformation of art and religion, analyzes the invention of the alphabet and the conceptual changes it brought, describes the expansions of Greece in trade and colonization, and investigates the relationship between military technology and political progress in the overthrow of aristocratic governments.
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... called by a title which survives in certain passages of Homer , wanax : somewhere much lower in the hierarchy at local level is a group of people called by a name which is clearly the later Greek basileus ; presumably when the palace ...
... called xenos , the word for a stranger ) which was especially sacrosanct , under the protection of Zeus Xenios : this was one of the epithets of Zeus related to his general role as guardian of those outside the community - guests ...
... ( called Irasa ) at night , so that the Greeks would not see it . Finally they brought them to the fountain called Apollo's Fountain , and said : " Men of Greece , this is the place for you to settle , for here there is a hole in the sky ...
Preface to First Edition 1980 I 1
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