Harvard University Press, 1993 - 353 síđur
Within the space of three centuries leading up to the great Persian invasion of 480 BC, Greece was transformed from a simple peasant society into a sophisticated civilization that dominated the shores of the Mediterranean from Spain to Syria and from the Crimea to Egypt--a culture whose achievements in the fields of art, science, philosophy, and politics were to establish the canons of the the Western world.
Oswyn Murray places this remarkable development in the context of Mediterranean civilization. He shows how contact with the East catalyzed the transformation of art and religion, analyzes the invention of the alphabet and the conceptual changes it brought, describes the expansions of Greece in trade and colonization, and investigates the relationship between military technology and political progress in the overthrow of aristocratic governments.
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... Spartan model remains central to European thought . Plato based his ideal Republic on a critical interpretation of Spartan institutions , and Sparta plays a prominent role in his last work , the Laws ; Aristotle thought Sparta the most ...
... Sparta . The reasons for this decline are social . The life style of the aristocracy was eroded by the claims of equality ; the military ethos and the Spartan educational system produced a society which no longer needed the artist . It ...
... Sparta in Elizabeth Rawson The Spartan Tradition in European Thought ( Oxford U.P. 1969 ) ; but there is no wholly satisfactory account of the reality . The following can be recommended for their different approaches : P. Cartledge Sparta ...
Preface to First Edition 1980 I 1
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Experiencing the Past: On the Character of Archaeology
Engin sýnishorn í bođi - 1992