Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality
Cambridge University Press, 26. okt. 1995 - 277 síđur
In this book G.A. Cohen examines the libertarian principle of self-ownership, which says that each person belongs to himself and therefore owes no service or product to anyone else. This principle is used to defend capitalist inequality, which is said to reflect each person's freedom to do as as he wishes with himself. The author argues that self-ownership cannot deliver the freedom it promises to secure, thereby undermining the idea that lovers of freedom should embrace capitalism and the inequality that comes with it. He goes on to show that the standard Marxist condemnation of exploitation implies an endorsement of self-ownership, since, in the Marxist conception, the employer steals from the worker what should belong to her, because she produced it. Thereby a deeply inegalitarian notion has penetrated what is in aspiration an egalitarian theory. Purging that notion from socialist thought, he argues, enables construction of a more consistent egalitarianism.
history ethics and Marxism
Robert Nozick and Wilt Chamberlain how patterns preserve liberty
Justice freedom and market transactions
Selfownership worldownership and equality
Are freedom and equality compatible?
Selfownership communism and equality against the Marxist technological fix
Marxism and contemporary political philosophy or why Nozick exercises some Marxists more than he does any egalitarian liberals
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Able abundance according action affirm answer appropriation argue argument believe benefit called capitalism capitalist Chapter claim communism concept condition consequently consider contrast contribution course creates criticism depends distribution effect egalitarian endowment entitlement equality example exploitation external resources fact fails follows forced freedom further give holdings human idea individual inequality Infirm initial injustice interest joint justice justified labour lack land less liberals libertarianism liberty Locke Locke's Marx Marxists material matter means means of production moral nature necessary normative Nozick objection obligation original ownership particular person philosophy political position possible premiss present principle principle of self-ownership private property production question reason reflects regard reject relationship respect restrict result rules self-ownership sense situation social socialist society steps suppose talent theory thesis things thought transactions true unequal unjust violated workers wrong
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